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5 Pointers to Look for When Buying a Used Forklift

A Forklift is the most efficient piece of equipment for handling and lifting heavy materials. It’s suitable for moving bundles of wood at the construction site, retrieving pallets at the warehouse, and unloading crated cargo from containers. Whether you need a used non-marking rubber tires forklift for your warehouse or a used rough terrain forklift for your construction site, you should ensure that you purchase a used forklift that is still in a perfect condition. With many choices of forklift available in the market today, there are many factors you need to put into consideration, such as:

Check the forks and mast

Before you purchase a used forklift, you should check the forks for bends, cracks or any other types of distortions that are caused by overloading. If the bends on the forks are minor, consider having them straightened. You should be wary of any bends or cracks in the forks because deep cracks on your forklift may make unsafe when lifting heavy loads. Also, you should inspect masts for cracks or welds and if the master pins, the tilt and side shift cylinders are safe, check if cylinders are leaking.

Inspect the mast rails lift chains and cylinders

After examining forks and mast, then you need to check the mast rails for any cracks or welds this may affect the mast structural integrity. Check if the mast trails are excessively worn, particularly if they are still round shaped. After inspecting the mask rollers ensure that the lift chains are working well and have no missing or damaged anchor pins. Look at the hoses and lift chains if they have equal tension distribution. Tilt the cylinders attached to the forklift bearing and check for any leaks or damage or any missing bolts.

Inspect the frame, canopy and cowling

Check around the body forklift for any signs of damage, taking much time inspecting keenly on every side of the forklift to check cowling. Inspect the canopy supports for damages or bends that may influence the ability of the canopy to protect the operators in the event of dropping loads or rollover. Moreover, you should check the reliability of side screens. If the forklift has an enclosed cab, you should ensure it has no missing or damaged window. Check the chassis of the forklift closely for cracks, welds or any sign of modifications or repairs. After checking the chassis, check the tires for chunking and the wheels for missing lug nuts.

Look at the cab and general operation

To verify the condition of the seat and whether it is fixed properly into its position, step into the forklift and seat on the operator’s seat fasten your seat-belt. Start up the engine and listen if the engine produces any odd sounds, lift the loaders arm and lower it, tilt it back and forwards and side shift to the left and right to check if it is operating smoothly. Finally, check all controls of the forklift.

Inspect the engine compartment, the exhaust guard and the counterweights

Once you have tested the running of the forklift, open the engine compartments and check if there are any leaks, cracks on hoses and dirt build up. Look at the oil level and note the condition of the oil, check whether the belts are worn out, tight or cracked. Make sure the air filters are clean, if the forklift you are inspecting is an electric forklift, make sure you check all the battery connections ensure they are in proper working conditions. And if you are inspecting propane-powered forklift, make sure the tank brackets and bolts are in good condition. Once you are done examining the engine compartments, ensure you check that counterweights if their bolts are in place. Also, check the exhaust guard for any damage.

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